Uniform Development Ordinance 
Article 151.3, Section 3.5

(Click Here for Ordinance)

The residential zoning districts included in this section provide a comfortable, healthy, safe, and pleasant environment in which to live and recreate.  Development in a residential district is expected to remain compatible with residential uses and promote local community character.  More specifically, these standards are intended to:

  • Provide appropriately located lands for residential development that are consistent with the goals, objectives, and policies in the County’s adopted policy guidance;
  • Ensure adequate light, air, privacy, and recreational and open space areas for each dwelling, and protect residents from the negative effects of noise, excessive population density, traffic congestion, flooding, and other significant adverse environmental impacts;
  • Protect residential areas from fires, explosions, toxic fumes and substances, and other public safety hazards;
  • Provide for increased residential housing choice, affordability, and diversity with varying housing densities, types, and designs, including accessory dwelling units;
  • Ensure adequate storm-water management facilities are installed to prevent flooding, property damage, and potential loss of life;
  • Provide for safe and efficient vehicular access and circulation and promote bicycle-,and pedestrian-friendly neighborhoods;
  • Provide for public services and facilities needed to serve residential areas and accommodate public and semi-public land uses that complement residential development or require a residential environment while protecting residential areas from incompatible nonresidential development;
  • Create neighborhoods and preserve existing community character while accommodating new development and redevelopment consistent with the County’s goals and objectives; and
  • Preserve the unique character and historic resources of the traditional neighborhoods and the community.

Zoning Districts:

Click the link inside each districts description to go to the UDO section with more detail for each district.

  • The Working Lands (WL) district is established to accommodate agriculture, agriculturally-related uses, and limited forms residential development at very low densities in rural portions of the County. The district is primarily intended to preserve and protect bona fide farms and resource lands for current or future agricultural use as well as to protect the rural character of the area. One of the primary tools for character protection is the requirement to configure residential subdivisions of more than five lots as conservation subdivisions. The conservation subdivision approach seeks to minimize the visibility of new residential development from adjacent roadways through proper placement and screening, and allows farmers to capture a portion of the land’s development potential while continuing to farm. Conservation subdivisions allow a portion of a tract or site to be developed with single-family detached homes while the balance of the site is left as conservation or agricultural land. The district also accommodates a wide range of agricultural and agricultural-related uses like “agri-tourism” as well as service and support uses to the rural community, including day care, educational uses, public safety facilities, parks, and utility features.

  • The Rural Residential (RR) district is established to accommodate low density residential neighborhoods and supporting uses on lots near bona fide farms and agricultural areas in the rural portion of the County. The district is intended to accommodate residential development in ways that will not interfere with agricultural activity or negatively impact the rural character of the County. One of the primary tools for character protection is the requirement to configure residential subdivisions of more than five lots as conservation subdivisions. The conservation subdivision approach seeks to minimize the visibility of new residential development from adjacent roadways through proper placement and screening. The district accommodates several differing agricultural uses and single-family detached homes. It also allows supporting uses like educational facilities, parks, public safety facilities, and utilities. District regulations discourage uses that interfere with the development of residential dwellings or that are detrimental to the rural nature of the district.

  • The Suburban Residential (SR) district is the County’s primary district for suburban residential neighborhoods located along primary roadways, shoreline areas, and in locations bordering rural areas. The district has a one-acre minimum lot area requirement, which is the basic threshold size for lots with onsite wastewater systems. Use of the conservation subdivision configuration is optional for residential subdivisions. While the district allows single-family detached homes, mobile homes on individual lots are prohibited. Nonconforming mobile homes may remain but may not be expanded or replaced with another mobile home. The district accommodates equestrian uses, utilities, as well as various neighborhood-supporting institutional uses such as parks, schools, and public safety facilities. District regulations discourage uses that interfere with the development of residential neighborhoods or that are detrimental to the suburban nature of the district.

  • The Neighborhood Residential (NR) district serves as a transition district from the rural and suburban portions of the County to areas proximate to village centers and major commercial corridors. The district is intended to accommodate single-family detached homes in a neighborhood setting at moderate densities. Mobile and manufactured homes on individual lots, conservation subdivisions, and agricultural uses are limited in order to preserve the district’s neighborhood character. Manufactured homes are not allowed on lots within 5,280 linear feet of a village center boundary. The district’s 40,000- square-foot minimum lot area may be reduced when lots are within one mile of a designated village center boundary and served by public sewer. District regulations discourage uses that interfere with the development of residential neighborhoods or that are detrimental to the district’s single-family detached neighborhood character.

  • The Village Residential (VR) district is established to accommodate a wide range of residential and institutional use types at modest densities on lots within and adjacent to designated village centers. The district allows duplexes, live/work units, single-family attached, and single-family detached dwellings, but does not allow mobile homes, manufactured homes, or conservation subdivisions. As a means of creating compact, functional neighborhoods, the district also allows a wide variety of institutional uses, including community centers, day care, schools, assisted living, religious institutions, parks, and utilities. Lots served by public sewer may have reduced minimum lot sizes and building height is measured from the base flood elevation. District regulations are intended to support the County’s investment in infrastructure by encouraging the development of compact, vibrant neighborhoods with a variety of house sizes and types that are located in close proximity to complementary institutional uses. Low density development comprised of uniform building types or styles is discouraged.

 

Zoning Officer

Amber Curling Planner 1, Zoning Administrator P.O. Box 74, 117 North NC 343 NC 27921 (252) 338-1919 x232
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